Ask the pros: The link between stress and cognitive function

  1. Association of Stress With Cognitive Function Among Older Black and White US Adults. JAMA Netw Open. 2023;6(3):e231860. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2023.1860
  2. Prefrontal cortex executive processes affected by stress in health and disease. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2018 Jul 13; 85: 161–179. Published online 2017 Jul 6. doi: 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2017.07.004
  3. Neurobiological Links between Stress, Brain Injury, and Disease. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2022; 2022: 8111022. Published online 2022 May 25. doi: 10.1155/2022/8111022
  4. The Influence of Chronic Stress on Dementia-Related Diagnostic Change in Older Adults. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2013 Jul 1. Published in final edited form as: Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2012 Jul; 26(3): 260–266. doi: 10.1097/WAD.0b013e3182389a9c

Immunity a top health trend in 2023

  1. The Immunity Report Dietary Supplements Edition. Volume 2 | August
  2. Immunomodulatory Effect of Vitamin D and Its Potential Role in the Prevention and Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus—A Narrative Review Molecules. 2019 Jan; 24(1): 53. Published online 2018 Dec 24. doi: 10.3390/molecules24010053
  3. The Immunologic Profile of Vitamin D and Its Role in Different Immune-Mediated Diseases: An Expert Opinion. Nutrients. 2022, 14(3), 473;
  4. Modulatory Effects of Probiotics During Pathogenic Infections With Emphasis on Immune Regulation. Front Immunol. 2021; 12: 616713. Published online 2021 Apr 8. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2021.616713
  5. Probiotics Mechanism of Action on Immune Cells and Beneficial Effects on Human Health. Cells. 2023 Jan; 12(1): 184. Published online 2023 Jan 2. doi: 10.3390/cells12010184
  6. Probiotics for Preventing Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2020; 2020: 8734140. Published online 2020 Oct 26. doi: 10.1155/2020/8734140
  7. Immune changes in humans during cold exposure: effects of prior heating and exercise. J App Physiol. 1 August 1999.
  8. Habituation of the initial responses to cold water immersion in humans: a central or peripheral mechanism? Journal of Physiology (1998), 512.2, pp. 621628 621
  9. Activation of NK Cells in Subjects Exposed to Mild Hyper- or Hypothermic Load. Journal of Interferon Research. Published Online: 4 May 2009.

3 supplement combos to enhance immunity

  1. Role of Vitamin A in the Immune System. J Clin Med. 2018 Sep; 7(9): 258. Published online 2018 Sep 6. doi: 10.3390/jcm7090258
  2. B Vitamins and Their Role in Immune Regulation and Cancer. Nutrients. 2020 Nov 4;12(11):3380. doi: 10.3390/nu12113380.
  3. Vitamin C in the Prevention and Treatment of the Common Cold. Am J Lifestyle Med. 2016 May-Jun; 10(3): 181–183. Published online 2016 Feb 9. doi: 10.1177/1559827616629092
  4. Vitamin D and the Immune System. J Investig Med. 2011 Aug; 59(6): 881–886. doi: 10.231/JIM.0b013e31821b8755
  5. Regulatory role of vitamin E in the immune system and inflammation. IUBMB Life. 2019 Apr; 71(4): 487–494. Published online 2018 Nov 30. doi: 10.1002/iub.1976
  6. The role of zinc in antiviral immunity. Adv Nutr. (2019) 10:696–710. doi: 10.1093/advances/nmz013
  7. Zinc acetate lozenges may improve the recovery rate of common cold patients: an individual patient data meta-analysis. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2017. 4:ofx059. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofx059
  8. Effect of copper on immune function and disease resistance. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1989;258:243-52. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4613-0537-8_22.
  9. Role of iron in immunity and its relation with infections. Arch Latinoam Nutr. 1999 Sep;49(3 Suppl 2):40S-46S.
  10. Coenzyme Q10 and Immune Function: An Overview. Antioxidants (Basel). 2021 May; 10(5): 759. Published online 2021 May 11. doi: 10.3390/antiox10050759
  11. Natural killer cell activity in elderly men is enhanced by beta-carotene supplementation. Am J Clin Nutr. 1996 Nov;64(5):772-7. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/64.5.772.
  12. Influence of vitamin E and selenium on immune response mechanisms. Fed Proc. 1979 Jun;38(7):2139-43.
  13. The Role of Selenium in Inflammation and Immunity: From Molecular Mechanisms to Therapeutic Opportunities. Antioxid Redox Signal. 2012 Apr 1; 16(7): 705–743. doi: 10.1089/ars.2011.4145

Ask the pros: Natural sweetness

  1. Nutraceutical values of natural honey and its contribution to human health and wealth. Nutr Metab (Lond). 2012; 9: 61. Published online 2012 Jun 20. doi: 10.1186/1743-7075-9-61
  2. Analysis of Amino Acid and Phenolic Content in Honey by UPLC-ESI-MS/MS.Honey Analysis. Submitted: May 13th, 2016 Reviewed: December 21st, 2016 Published: March 15th, 2017. DOI: 10.5772/67317
  3. Honey, Propolis, and Royal Jelly: A Comprehensive Review of Their Biological Actions and Health Benefits. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2017; 2017: 1259510. Published online 2017 Jul 26. doi: 10.1155/2017/1259510

Meal myths, busted!

  1. Consumption of cranberry as adjuvant therapy for urinary tract infections in susceptible populations: A systematic review and meta-analysis with trial sequential analysis. PLoS One. 2021; 16(9): e0256992. Published online 2021 Sep 2. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0256992

Ask the pros: Small workouts, big results

  1. Exercise Snacks: A Novel Strategy to Improve Cardiometabolic Health, Exerc Sports Sci Rev. 2022 Jan 1;50(1):31-37. doi: 10.1249/JES.0000000000000275.
  2. Med Sci Sports Exerc, Brief Intense Stair Climbing Improves Cardiorespiratory Fitness, 2017 Feb;49(2):298-307. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001188.
  3. Eur J Appl Physiol, Sprint exercise snacks: a novel approach to increase aerobic fitness. 2019 May;119(5):1203-1212. doi: 10.1007/s00421-019-04110-z. Epub 2019 Mar 7.
  4. PLOS One, Twelve Weeks of Sprint Interval Training Improves Indices of Cardiometabolic Health Similar to Traditional Endurance Training despite a Five-Fold Lower Exercise Volume and Time Commitment. Published: April 26, 2016.
  5. Med Sci Sports Exerc, Hourly 4-s Sprints Prevent Impairment of Postprandial Fat Metabolism from Inactivity, 2020 Oct;52(10):2262-2269. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000002367.

Is Acetyl-L-Carnitine a super supplement?

  1. National Institutes of Health, Office of Dietary Supplements. Carnitine Fact Sheet for Health Professionals.
  2. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, The bright and the dark sides of L-carnitine supplementation: a systematic review. 21 September 2020. 17, Article number: 49 (2020)
  3. L-Carnitine Supplementation in Recovery after Exercise. Nutrients. 2018 Mar; 10(3): 349. Published online 2018 Mar 13. doi: 10.3390/nu10030349
  4. Effects of L-Carnitine Supplementation on Metabolic Utilization of Oxygen and Lipid Profile among Trained and Untrained Humans. Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: Vol.8, issue 1; e38707. Published Online: December 27, 2016
  5. l-Carnitine Supplementation in Recovery after Exercise. Nutrients 2018,10(3), 349;
  6. Chapter Two – Metabolomics and Lipidomics of Ischemic Stroke. Advances in Clinical Chemistry, Volume 85, 2018, Pages 31-69
  7. Meta-analysis of double blind randomized controlled clinical trials of acetyl-L-carnitine versus placebo in the treatment of mild cognitive impairment and mild Alzheimer??s disease. International Clinical Psychopharmacology. April 2003, 18(2):61-71. doi:10.1097/01.yic.0000058280.28578.79
  8. Acetyl-L-Carnitine in Dementia and Other Cognitive Disorders: A Critical Update. Nutrients. 2020 May; 12(5): 1389. Published online 2020 May 12. doi: 10.3390/nu12051389
  9. L‐carnitine for cognitive enhancement in people without cognitive impairment. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Mar; 2017(3): CD009374. Published online 2017 Mar 26. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD009374.pub3
  10. Acetyl-L-carnitine-induced up-regulation of heat shock proteins protects cortical neurons against amyloid-beta peptide 1-42-mediated oxidative stress and neurotoxicity: implications for Alzheimer’s disease. J Neuroci Res. 2006 Aug 1;84(2):398-408. doi: 10.1002/jnr.20877.
  11. Anti-Inflammatory and Antioxidant Effects of Acetyl-L-Carnitine on Atherosclerotic Rats. Med Sci Monit. 2020; 26: e920250-1–e920250-11. Published online 2020 Jan 16. doi: 10.12659/MSM.920250

5 reasons your workout feels weak

  1. School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Kent; Mental Fatigue Impairs Physical Performance in Humans; J Appl Physiol, 2009 Mar;106(3):857-64. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.91324.2008. Epub 2009 Jan 8.

Coach’s corner: A strong athlete is an efficient athlete

  1. Explosive-strength training improves 5-km running time by improving running economy and muscle power. J Appl Physiol. 1999 May;86(5):1527-33. doi: 10.1152/jappl.1999.86.5.1527.

Why every athlete needs amino acids

  1. Branched chain amino acids supplementation enhance exercise capacity and lipid oxidation during endurance exercise after muscle glycogen depletion, The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness; March 2011; 51(1):82-8
  2. Branched-chain amino acid supplementation during trekking at high altitude. The effects on loss of body mass, body composition, and muscle power. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol, 1992;65(5):394-8. doi: 10.1007/BF00243503.

Skip your way to better running

  1. A Comparison of Plyometric and Jump Rope Training Programs for Improving Punching Performance in Junior Amateur Boxers. Front. Bioeng. Biotechnol., 24 May 2022 Sec. Biomechanics. Volume 10 – 2022 |